1 paraphernalia indicative of royalty (or other high office)
- Rhymes: -eɪliə
Nounregalia is a plurale tantum : the grammatical singular regalis is not normally used.
- royal rights, prerogatives and privileges - actually enjoyed by any sovereign, regardless of his title (emperor, grand duke etcetera)
- the emblems, symbols, or paraphernalia indicative of royalty or any other sovereign status; such as a crown, orb, sceptre, sword of justice
- decorations or insignia indicative of an office or membership of an order or society; such as freemasonry
- finery or magnificent dress
Regalia is Latin plurale tantum for the privileges and the insignia characteristic of a Sovereign or Emperor.
The word stems from the Latin substantivation of the adjective regalis, 'regal', itself from Rex, 'king'.
Regalia in the AbstractThe term can refer to rights, prerogatives and privileges enjoyed exclusively by any sovereign regardless of title (Emperor, Grand Duke, etc.) An example is the right to mint coins, especially with one's own effigy. In many cases, especially in feudal societies and generally weak states, such rights have in time been eroded by grants to or usurpations by lesser vassals.
Regalia as Sovereign InsigniaSome emblems, symbols, or paraphernalia possessed by rulers are a visual representation of Imperial, royal or sovereign status. Some are shared with divinities, either to symbolize a god(ess)'s role as, say, king of the Pantheon (e.g. Brahman's sceptre) or to allow mortal royalty to resemble, identify with, or link to a Divinity.
The term Crown Jewels is commonly used for regalia items designed to lend luster to occasions such as coronations. They feature some combination of precious materials, artistic merit, and symbolic or historical value. Crown jewels may have been designated at the start of a dynasty, accumulated through many years of tradition, or sent as tangible recognition of legitimacy by some leader such as the Pope to an emperor or caliph.
Each culture, even each monarchy and/or dynasty within one culture, may have its own historical traditions, and some even have a specific name for its regalia, or at least for an important subset, such as :
But some elements occur in many traditions.
Other Regal Dress and Jewelry
- Armillae - Bracelets
- (Ermine) Coronation Mantle
- Barmi (Russian word), a detachable silk collar with medallions of precious material sewn to it, as used in Moscovy
- Rings, symbolizing the Monarch's 'marriage' to the state (in the case of the Doge of the Republic of Venice, to its lifeblood, the sea); or as a Signet-Ring, a practical attribute of his power to command legally
Manipulable Symbols of Power
- Orb (Globus Cruciger)
- Sceptre, including the French Hand of Justice
- Sword - for examples, see Sword of Justice; Sword of State; Sword of Mercy (known also as Edward the Confessor's Sword)
- Other weapons, such as a dagger (as in Arabian and Indian traditions), a spear, or a royal kris (in Malay traditions)
- Flail and Crook
- Fly-whisk, which is said to have some of the power of Amaterasu.
Other Manipulable SymbolsRegalia can also stand for other attributes or virtues, i.e. what is expected from the holder.
Thus the Imperial Regalia of Japan (Jp: 三種の神器; "Sanshu no Jingi", or "Three Sacred Treasures"), also known as the Three Sacred Treasures of Japan, represents three primary virtues connected with Buddhist thought:
- The sword, Kusanagi (草薙剣) (or possibly a replica of the original; located at Atsuta Shrine in Nagoya) represents valor
- The jewel or necklace of jewels, Yasakani no magatama (八尺瓊曲玉; at Kokyo in Tokyo), represents benevolence
- The mirror, Yata no kagami (八咫鏡), located in the Ise Shrine in Mie Prefecture, represents wisdom
Coronation ParaphernaliaSome regalia objects are presented and/or used in the formal ceremonial of enthronement/coronation. They can be associated with an office or court sinecure (cfr. Archoffices) that enjoys the privilege to carry, present/or at use it at the august occasion, and sometimes on other formal occasions, such as a royal funeral.
Such objects, with or without intrinsic symbolism, can include
Companions' AttributesApart from the Sovereign himself, attributes (especially a crown) can be used for close relatives who are allowed to share in the pomp. For example, in Norway the Queen-consort and the crown prince are the only other members of the Royal Family to be crowned and share in the Sovereign's royal symbolism.
Reserved ColourIn the Roman Empire the colour Tyrian purple, produced with an extremely expensive Mediterranean mollusk extract, was in principle reserved for the Imperial Court. The use of this dye was extended to various dignitaries, such as members of the Roman senate who wore stripes of Tyrian purple on their white togas, for whom the term purpuratus was coined as a high aulic distinction.
See alsowiktionaryleft regalia
For other meanings, such as the generalization of the term to all decorations or insignia indicative of a lower office (such as a Chain of Office) or of membership in an order or society;
Other usesBy analogy, the term Regalia is also applied, technically improperly, to formal insignia in other contexts, such as academic regalia.
Sources - External link
regalia in German: Regalien
regalia in French: Regalia
regalia in Italian: Regalia
regalia in Dutch: Regalia
regalia in Japanese: レガリア
regalia in Russian: Регалия
regalia in Slovenian: Regalije
regalia in Finnish: Regaalit
regalia in Swedish: Riksregalier
Sunday best, apparatus, appurtenances, armory, badge, badge of office, badges, baton, blazonry, brassard, bravery, button, cap and gown, cap of dignity, cap of maintenance, chain, chain of office, class ring, cockade, collar, coronet, cross, crown, decoration, decorations, diadem, dress, dress uniform, eagle, emblems, ensigns, equipage, equipment, ermine, evening dress, fasces, figurehead, finery, fleur-de-lis, formal dress, frippery, full dress, furnishings, gear, great seal, hammer and sickle, heraldry, insignia, lapel pin, livery, mace, mantle, markings, medal, mortarboard, old school tie, orb, paraphernalia, pin, privy seal, purple, purple pall, ring, robe of state, rod, rod of empire, rose, royal crown, scepter, school ring, seal, shamrock, sigillography, signet, skull and crossbones, sphragistics, staff, swastika, tackle, tails, tartan, thistle, tiara, tie, trappings, triple plume, tuxedo, uniform, uraeus, verge, wand, war paint