AskDefine | Define regalia

Dictionary Definition

regalia

Noun

1 paraphernalia indicative of royalty (or other high office)
2 especially fine or decorative clothing [syn: array, raiment]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Substantivated plural of the Latin adjective regalis, meaning of a Rex=king.

Pronunciation

Noun

regalia is a plurale tantum : the grammatical singular regalis is not normally used.
  1. royal rights, prerogatives and privileges - actually enjoyed by any sovereign, regardless of his title (emperor, grand duke etcetera)
  2. the emblems, symbols, or paraphernalia indicative of royalty or any other sovereign status; such as a crown, orb, sceptre, sword of justice
  3. decorations or insignia indicative of an office or membership of an order or society; such as freemasonry
  4. finery or magnificent dress

Translations

Italian

Noun

regalia
  1. tip, gratuity
  2. regalia

Related terms

Extensive Definition

Regalia is Latin plurale tantum for the privileges and the insignia characteristic of a Sovereign or Emperor.
The word stems from the Latin substantivation of the adjective regalis, 'regal', itself from Rex, 'king'.

Regalia in the Abstract

The term can refer to rights, prerogatives and privileges enjoyed exclusively by any sovereign regardless of title (Emperor, Grand Duke, etc.) An example is the right to mint coins, especially with one's own effigy. In many cases, especially in feudal societies and generally weak states, such rights have in time been eroded by grants to or usurpations by lesser vassals.

Regalia as Sovereign Insignia

Some emblems, symbols, or paraphernalia possessed by rulers are a visual representation of Imperial, royal or sovereign status. Some are shared with divinities, either to symbolize a god(ess)'s role as, say, king of the Pantheon (e.g. Brahman's sceptre) or to allow mortal royalty to resemble, identify with, or link to a Divinity.
The term Crown Jewels is commonly used for regalia items designed to lend luster to occasions such as coronations. They feature some combination of precious materials, artistic merit, and symbolic or historical value. Crown jewels may have been designated at the start of a dynasty, accumulated through many years of tradition, or sent as tangible recognition of legitimacy by some leader such as the Pope to an emperor or caliph.
Each culture, even each monarchy and/or dynasty within one culture, may have its own historical traditions, and some even have a specific name for its regalia, or at least for an important subset, such as :
But some elements occur in many traditions.

Headgear

Other Regal Dress and Jewelry

  • Armillae - Bracelets
  • (Ermine) Coronation Mantle
  • Barmi (Russian word), a detachable silk collar with medallions of precious material sewn to it, as used in Moscovy
  • Rings, symbolizing the Monarch's 'marriage' to the state (in the case of the Doge of the Republic of Venice, to its lifeblood, the sea); or as a Signet-Ring, a practical attribute of his power to command legally

Manipulable Symbols of Power

Other Manipulable Symbols

Regalia can also stand for other attributes or virtues, i.e. what is expected from the holder.
Thus the Imperial Regalia of Japan (Jp: 三種の神器; "Sanshu no Jingi", or "Three Sacred Treasures"), also known as the Three Sacred Treasures of Japan, represents three primary virtues connected with Buddhist thought: Since 690, the presentation of these items to the Emperor by the priests at the shrine are a central part of the imperial enthronement ceremony. As this ceremony is not public, the regalia are by tradition only seen by the Emperor and certain priests, and no known photographs or drawings exist.

Coronation Paraphernalia

Some regalia objects are presented and/or used in the formal ceremonial of enthronement/coronation. They can be associated with an office or court sinecure (cfr. Archoffices) that enjoys the privilege to carry, present/or at use it at the august occasion, and sometimes on other formal occasions, such as a royal funeral.
Such objects, with or without intrinsic symbolism, can include

Companions' Attributes

Apart from the Sovereign himself, attributes (especially a crown) can be used for close relatives who are allowed to share in the pomp. For example, in Norway the Queen-consort and the crown prince are the only other members of the Royal Family to be crowned and share in the Sovereign's royal symbolism.

Reserved Colour

In the Roman Empire the colour Tyrian purple, produced with an extremely expensive Mediterranean mollusk extract, was in principle reserved for the Imperial Court. The use of this dye was extended to various dignitaries, such as members of the Roman senate who wore stripes of Tyrian purple on their white togas, for whom the term purpuratus was coined as a high aulic distinction.

Additional Display

See also

wiktionaryleft regalia
For other meanings, such as the generalization of the term to all decorations or insignia indicative of a lower office (such as a Chain of Office) or of membership in an order or society;

Other uses

By analogy, the term Regalia is also applied, technically improperly, to formal insignia in other contexts, such as academic regalia.

Sources - External link

regalia in German: Regalien
regalia in French: Regalia
regalia in Italian: Regalia
regalia in Dutch: Regalia
regalia in Japanese: レガリア
regalia in Russian: Регалия
regalia in Slovenian: Regalije
regalia in Finnish: Regaalit
regalia in Swedish: Riksregalier

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Sunday best, apparatus, appurtenances, armory, badge, badge of office, badges, baton, blazonry, brassard, bravery, button, cap and gown, cap of dignity, cap of maintenance, chain, chain of office, class ring, cockade, collar, coronet, cross, crown, decoration, decorations, diadem, dress, dress uniform, eagle, emblems, ensigns, equipage, equipment, ermine, evening dress, fasces, figurehead, finery, fleur-de-lis, formal dress, frippery, full dress, furnishings, gear, great seal, hammer and sickle, heraldry, insignia, lapel pin, livery, mace, mantle, markings, medal, mortarboard, old school tie, orb, paraphernalia, pin, privy seal, purple, purple pall, ring, robe of state, rod, rod of empire, rose, royal crown, scepter, school ring, seal, shamrock, sigillography, signet, skull and crossbones, sphragistics, staff, swastika, tackle, tails, tartan, thistle, tiara, tie, trappings, triple plume, tuxedo, uniform, uraeus, verge, wand, war paint
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